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2021全國英語等級考試一級閱讀試題(五)

來源:中華考試網   2020-12-09【

  When my family moved to America in 2010 from a small village in Guangdong, China, we brought not only our luggage, but also our village rules, customs and culture. One of the rules is that young people should always respe elders. Un luckily, this rule led to my very first embarrassme nt in the Un ited States. 

  I had a part-time job as a waiter in a Chin ese restaura nt. One time, whe n I was serv ing food to a middle-aged couple, the wife asked me how the food could be served so q uickly. I told her that I had made sure they got their food quickly because I always resp ect the elderly. As soon as I said that, her face showed great displeasure. My manager, w ho happened to hear what I said, took me aside and gave me a long lecture about how s en sitive(敏感)America ns are and how they dislike the descripti on “ old ” the n walked ba ck to the table and apologized to the wife. After the couple heard my reason, they unders tood that the problem was caused by cultural differences, so they laughed and were no Io nger angry.

  In my village in China, people are proud of being old. Not so many people live to be seventy or eighty, and people who reach such an age have the most knowledge and e xperienee. Young people always respect older people because they know they can learn fr om their rich experienee. 

  However, in the United States, people think “growing old "is a problem since “old s hows that a person is going to retire or that the body is not working well. Here many pe ople try to keep themselves away from growing old by doing exercises or jogging, and w ome n put on makeup, hop ing to look young. When I told the couple in the restaura nt tha t I respect the elderly, they got angry because this caused them to feel they had failed to stay young. I had told them something they didn ' want to hear. 

  After that, I changed the way I had been with older people. It is not that I don' tes pect them any more; I still respect them, but now I don' s how my feeli ngs through words. 

  By Jack 

  根據以上短文內容,然后從每題所給的四個選項中選擇正確選項。

  1. Jack brought the couple their food very fast because ___________ . 

  A. the manager asked him to do so 

  B. he respected the elderly 

  C. the couple wan ted him to do so 

  D. he wan ted more pay 

  2. When Jack called the couple “ elderly they became __________ . 

  A. nervous B. satisfied C. unhappy D. excited 

  3. In Jack ' hometown,  _______ . 

  A. people dislike being called “ old ” 

  B. people are proud of being old 

  C. many people reach the age of seventy or eighty 

  D. the elderly are the first to get food in restaurants 

  4. After this experienee, Jack _________ . 

  A. lost his job in the restaura nt 

  B. made friends with the couple 

  C. no Ion ger respected the elderly 

  D. cha nged his way with older people 

  5. Which of the following is TRUE? 

  A. The more Jack explained, the angrier the couple got. 

  B. Jack wan ted to show his feeli ngs through words after his experie nee. 

  C. The manager went back to the table and apologized to the couple.

  D. From this experienee, Jack learned more about American culture. 

  【答案及解析】 1. 選 B。根據第 2 段中的 I told her that I had made sure they got their food quickly because I always respect the elderly 可知答案。 

  2. 選 C。根據第 2 段中的 As soon as I said that, her face showed great displeasure 可知他們聽到Jack稱他們為老者時,一點也不高興。 

  3. 選 B。根據第 3 段中的 In my village in China, people are proud of being old 可知答案。 

  4. 選 D。根據最后一段中的 After that, I changed the way I had with older people 可知答案。 

  5. 選 D。根據第 2 段最后一句 After the couple heard my reason, they understood that the problem was caused by cultural differe nces, so they laughed and were no Ion ger angry 可知 A 選項不對;根據文章最后一句 but now I don ' s how my feelings through words 可知 B 選項不對;根據第 2 段中的 I then waked back to the table and apologized to the wife可知C選項也不對,故正確答案為D。

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